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By Teresa Stewart
You can find scads of information about saving for a child's education, but what if you or your spouse still hold college dreams? Whether completing a degree, seeking graduate school or setting out on a new path, it is possible to plan, save and avoid potential snares—like amassing a huge amount of debt.
While new high school graduates account for the majority of university student bodies, more and more adults are returning to, or starting college for the first time—and the numbers are projected to increase. Reasons range from launching a second career, to having more time in adulthood to study, to finishing what they started. Whatever the motivation, as with any large expense, it pays to investigate options and plan ahead.
Most adults start attending college about a year after they've made the decision to go. However, as with any goal, the earlier you start saving, the more money you could have to cover expenses.
Start by calculating how much you may need. If you haven't researched college costs for a while, the sticker price may shock you. Listed below are amounts reported by the College Board for full-time tuition and fees for the 2016-2017 school year.
You may not need to include room and board when estimating college expenses, but there are others you might need to consider, such as child care. Costs also depend on your student status—full-time, part-time, online, etc.
Even though expensive, the numbers prove that a college education is still a good investment , with potentially higher wages and lower unemployment rates for graduates.
As an adult, calling on mom and dad to help pay for college is a less likely possibility. Below are some options to review as you consider how to pay for your, or a spouse's, education.
Set up a 529 college savings plan* for yourself or your spouse and take advantage of potential tax savings and tax-free growth. Many states also offer income tax deductions for contributions. Plus, you won't pay taxes on withdrawals for qualified education expenses, such as tuition, books and computers. Even if you don't have much time to save, you can continue adding to a 529 plan while you're in school and reap the tax benefits.
If you don't use all the money, you can change the beneficiary to someone one else such as a child or other family member.
While we believe retirement should be one of your most important savings goals, you can use a Roth IRA* for higher education and not incur the ten percent tax penalty for withdrawals before age 59½. Withdrawals are also tax-free. Money from a Traditional IRA may also be used without the tax penalty, but you will owe taxes on the withdrawals.
Adult students still have options with grants, scholarships and financial aid. Many scholarships and grants do not have age limits, and there are colleges that offer ones specifically for adult students. Federal financial aid programs also have no age restrictions and all students are encouraged to apply, even if you're not sure you qualify.
More than 60 percent of employers offer some form of tuition assistance, with an average reimbursement of $4,000 per year. Find out if yours is one of them. Of course, you will need to continue working and pursue your education part-time, but it also means less tuition expense for you. Trending now are employers who offer student debt loan repayment assistance; while that's only about four percent of employers right now, more companies are expected to follow suit.
Though you may not be asking friends and family members to foot the bill for college, you can ask for their support. Request contributions to your college savings in lieu of birthday and holiday presents.
Deciding to enter collegiate life as an adult is a worthy goal that requires foresight and planning. Let us help.
Thinking about going back to school? It pays to investigate your college payment options and plan ahead—even if you have limited time.
Boost savings and lessen the need for loans. Have loved ones give money towards college for holidays, birthdays and other milestones.
Beyond the tax-advantages afforded by 529 plans, gifting money for college may help fulfill a child's dreams for the future. An accelerated gift may also reduce the benefactor's estate taxes. This can add up to good news for college-bound recipients and gift givers alike.
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* 529 Plan and IRA assets are reported as student assets when applying for financial aid. Learn more .
The opinions expressed are those of American Century Investments (or the portfolio manager) and are no guarantee of the future performance of any American Century Investments' portfolio. This material has been prepared for educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, investment, accounting, legal or tax advice.
IRS Circular 230 Disclosure: American Century Companies, Inc. and its affiliates do not provide tax advice. Accordingly, any discussion of U.S. tax matters contained herein (including any attachments) is not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, in connection with the promotion, marketing or recommendation by anyone unaffiliated with American Century Companies, Inc. of any of the matters addressed herein or for the purpose of avoiding U.S. tax-related penalties.
This information is for educational purposes only and is not intended as tax advice. Please consult your tax advisor for more detailed information or for advice regarding your individual situation.